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APA @ Sullivan University: Home

A guide to the use of the American Psychological Association Manual of Style at Sullivan University.


Welcome! For the majority of departments on the Sullivan University campuses, the style manual used for papers is the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA).

This guide offers assistance, instructions, and examples of APA 6 style according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). 

Please use the tabs above to view the various sections about APA 6 at Sullivan University. Click the tab "APA Paper Sections" to find information about the Sullivan University APA 6 requirements.  

Can't find what you are looking for? You can also use the search box above to help you find specific types of information.

Remember that this guide does not include every example of APA style. As always, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the authorative source on APA style.

If you have questions about APA style that cannot be answered using the APA Manual or this resource, please check with your instructor for specific directions. 

APA style rules were developed in the late 1920s by members of the American Psychological Association. These rules establish a standard set of guidelines and procedures for writers of research papers.

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the official APA style publication.

APA style rules are used by university campuses throughout the United States. These rules encourage ease of reading and accuracy of scholarly papers.

In July 2010, the 6th edition of the Manual was published.

Providing citations and giving proper credit is important for academic integrity and prevention of plagiarism. The following are current news items aggregated from Google News related to plagiarism and academic integrity.

If interested checkout our guide on Academic Integrity.

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This guide was created in 2012. It remains a "living document."

The Sullivan University English Department in partnership with the Library will be responsible for future maintenance and updates.

Please use the feedback form to the left to make any suggestions for revisions, updates, and/or corrections.

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The 'essentials'!

The following Sullivan University System libraries have a copy or copies of the 6th edition of the APA Manual:

  • Spencerian-Louisville
  • Spencerian-Lexington
  • Sullivan Lexington
  • Sullivan Louisville

These copies are designated reference or reserve. This means that the Manual must stay in the library while in use.  

The APA 6 Manual contains many pages of important rules and guidelines.

Below are the "essential pages." These are the pages of the APA 6 Manual that are most commonly used in the writing of research papers at the college level.

·         Pages 23-25: Title page

·         Pages 41-49: Sample paper

·         Page 177: Chart on the most common citations and references

·         Pages 178-179: Some exceptions to the chart on page 177

·         All of Chapter 7: References

o        Pages 193-197 contain the table of contents for the reference examples

o        Pages 198-215 contain the reference examples

Chapters 1, 5, and 8 (except in very rare situations) will not be used in the writing of most undergraduate research papers.

Chapters 3 and 4 consist of background information on language usage and grammar.

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I need help!

  • Check with your instructor. He or she is the final authority on the formatting and style of your paper.
  • Consult the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for detailed information. The library has a copy of this publication.
  • Visit the Sullivan University Tutoring Center. See the above tab for more information about this wonderful, free service. 
  • Click the websites tab to find other sources of information about APA 6.
  • Contact a librarian via email or the chat service (at the far right of this page) for more assistance.

Please click the email image to send a message to the library using
the Ask-A-Librarian service. 

  The Tutoring Center is available!

  • Tutoring Centers are located at the Louisville Campus in room 238, phone extension 2238 (main building) and the Lexington campus in room 133.
  • Tutors can provide assistance with your papers! The hours and tutors will vary throughout the week. Check the Student Scene (Louisville) and the Chronicle (Lexington) for the hours and available tutoring subjects.
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Useful Websites


If you have a question about APA 6 that you want added to the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) page, let us know!

To request an addition to the FAQs, please click the comments link below. 

More entries (and answers) will be added in the future.


  • The author's full name is John James Smith, Jr. How do I format his name in APA 6 Style within the reference list and the in-text citations?

Junior, Senior, the Third (III), etc. are known as suffixes. They are not used with the in-text citations, but will be included in the reference entry. Within the reference entry, include the suffix (using commas).

The author name would be placed in the reference entry in this format: Smith, J. J., Jr.

Complete information (including how to format an editor name that contains a suffix within a reference entry) can be found in the APA Style Blog.‚Äč

  • How do I place a table or figure or caption into an APA formatted paper? Are there guidelines and examples that I can view?

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 6th edition, contains information about how to format tables, figures, and captions in a paper. The information can be found in Chapter 5, starting on page 125. The basic table layout is explained, along with an example, on page 128. 

The Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) website has excellent instructions on how to insert and format a table in APA style. The site provides general information as well as the examples for the following: ANOVA tables, regression tables, scatter plots, line graphs, bar graphs, pie graphs, and drawing and photographs. Go to the first section and the second section.

The APA Style Blog has a helpful "Table Tips" posting. The posting provides details on font size, orientation, labeling, positioning, as well as other information.

  • cannot find information on this guide. What can I do to find the information I want?

First, check the tabs above to see the broad categories of this guide. You may be looking for information that is listed under a broader category.

If you still do not find the information that you seek, use the search box at the top right of the page. Use one or two words in the search box to describe what you are searching for, then click SEARCH. If the information is found within the guide, you will find links to the section(s) of the guide with the information.   

Finally, if the information is not found within the guide, please use the comments section below to request that the information be added. Be sure to include your name and email address. You will receive a response about your request.

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**The library has extended hours during weeks 1, 5, and 8. Please see a librarian for more details.**

We are located at 2355 Harrodsburg Rd., Lexington, KY 40504

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